Steelmakers use vanadium to produce high-strength steels needed for infrastructure, tools, automotive components and various other ferrous-based products.

Adding one pound of vanadium to a tonne of steel increases its tensile strength by approximately 40% or more. Using vanadium in steel also reduces the environmental impact along the steel production chain. This high-quality product is the universal strengthener and hardener for high-strength steels.

  • Rebar for construction

New standards, such as China’s updated high-strength rebar standard, have been designed to limit the use of inferior steels in construction. Adding vanadium to steel rebar allows producers to meet and exceed the standard’s recommendations.

  • Transport

Given its combination of high strength, toughness and weldability, vanadium-containing steel is often the preferred option for infrastructure and automotive equipment components.

Master Alloys

Producers of titanium alloys are one the largest consumers of vanadium outside of the steel industry.

Vanadium-bearing titanium alloys have very high strength-to-weight ratios and are used in the aerospace industry in the form of vanadium-aluminum master alloys.

The titanium alloy industry requires high purity vanadium and deploys strict documented procedures to assure the process eliminates the possibility of contamination with high-density materials.

The global master alloy market is growing substantially within the aerospace industry as it provides fuel efficiency and superior resistance.

VPURE™+ is approved by all master alloy producers around the globe.

Chemicals and Catalysts

Vanadium has a wide range of chemical and catalyst applications.

Vanadium provides corrosion resistance and pigmentation properties needed in corrosion inhibitors and dyes.

Chemicals in vanadium can also be used in medication and production of supplements to manage a number of health conditions.

VPURE™+ Powder is ideal for sulfuric acid catalyst producers.

Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries (VRFBs)

VRFBs are scalable energy storage batteries that use a vanadium electrolyte liquid solution to store and release large amounts of energy. The VRFB stands out as the leading battery for large-scale energy storage.

  • Have an estimated lifespan of 20+ years
  • Offers scalable storage capacity and is able to immediately release energy
  • Is suitable for grid connection or off-grid settings, making it ideal for renewable energy
  • Is able to discharge 100% without any damage to the battery
  • Provides users with a guaranteed uninterrupted power supply

The rising use of VRFBs is driven by:

  • The strong development of renewable energy industries, which are anticipated to grow significantly to around $1.5 billion by 20252. On account of VRFBs’ long lifespan and suitability for storage of energy derived from renewable industries, VRFB market growth is fast-paced and forecasted to reach $1.1 billion by 20253.
  • The research underway on the suitability of VRFBs for the automotive industry, specifically in electric vehicles, which are likely to provide major VRFB market growth.
  • Wide-ranging applications of VRFBs in the telecom industry.

About vanadium

Vanadium pentoxide is a hard, silver-grey metallic element. It is naturally resistant to corrosion and can withstand exposure to alkalis, acid and saltwater. It is often referred to as a “transitional” metal. 

Vanadium is used in many diverse industries. End user consumption is summarized below:

Source: Vanitec